Age, sun exposure and heredity can all contribute to skin problems such as acne, pitted scars, wrinkles, pigmentation scars, sun and age spots or broken capillaries. Facial skin rejuvenation treatments can help address these problems and rejuvenation and resurfacing can be achieved several different ways.
Laser resurfacing is used to reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines. It can also be used for scars. Also known as a laser peel, lasabrasion and laser vaporization, laser resurfacing works by using a laser to send concentrated beams of light to the affected area.
The laser removes the epidermis or outer layer of the skin. This in turn stimulates the growth of new skin cells and collagen in the area. The new skin that appears is firmer and smoother, giving the face a fresher look.
Dermabrasion is a form of mechanical resurfacing which is often used to help reduce acne scars. Like other treatments, it removes the superficial top layers of the skin with an abrasive tool such as a wire brush or a diamond wheel, also called a burr or a fraise. This process causes the skin to bleed and as it heals, newer fresher skin grows in its place.
Microdermabrasion is a milder form of mechanical resurfacing that can decrease pore size, smooth skin and reduce age spots. A crystal or diamond-tip microdermabrasion machine is generally used and your recovery time is much quicker because the process does not remove the deeper epidermal skin levels.
Chemical peels range from mild glycolic acid peels to a more intense chemical solution which can cause the skin to blister. Eventually the top layers of skin will fall off and again the new skin that appears underneath will be firmer and smoother. Chemical peels are used to treat many different skin conditions ranging from sun damage, wrinkles, and fine lines and can even be used to treat acne and the scars it causes.
Topical treatments such as Botox and retinoids can also address skin problems. Botox is generally used for superficial wrinkles while a doctor may prescribe retinoids to deal specifically with sun damaged skin. To fill in areas that may have naturally sagged with age, a doctor may opt to use fillers to plump up those areas.
Recovery time depends entirely upon which procedure you choose. The more intense procedures such as chemical peels and dermabrasion can take 1 to 2 weeks to heal. Topical treatments like Botox and Juvederme have relatively no downtime needed for recovery.
This article was originally published by Murray Riggins, M.D. on MyMASC.com. Dr. Riggins offers cosmetic medical treatments at his Gadsden, Alabama practice, and he provides beauty and health products to customers across the country. Learn more about Instantly Ageless and FGXpress PowerStrips.